Grade point average is an academic achievement and performance measurement. The calculation is basically done by converting the grades into a numerical scale and taking the averages of the courses according to their credits. Grade point average can be calculated based on the grades of one semester, one year or even all academic years. The GPA (grade point average) calculator is an online tool designed for college students' average grade point calculations. It is simply used to estimate the outcome of general college averages by entering semester grades and credit values. To calculate your cumulative average, enter your current GPA and credit hours from previous periods, then the grades and credits for this semester.

As the semesters end in schools, college students are in a hurry to learn their grade point averages. GPA is one of the most important criteria that is used to measure students' own success and to apply for scholarships or job applications. In fact, GPA calculation is based on a simple formula, but it can steal from students' time and energy to deal with it, so college students can easily learn their GPAs within minutes with the help of the online tool.

*The underlying formula used to calculate GPA is:*

*(Total Grade Points) ÷ (Total Credit Hours) = GPA*

The online GPA calculator is based on this formula, aiming to show you the GPA score you have during the semester, year or all academic life, that is to say, your success level quickly, without counting the numbers and four operations. While the college life is sufficiently exhausting and time-consuming with lectures, projects, exams, presentations and of course social activities, why not take a manual calculation of your cumulative average?

Through this online college GPA calculator, you may find out your GPA score as quick as possible. It consists of a basic three steps.

- In the first step, you need to enter the name of the course you will add the calculation. This way you can keep follow of which grade is assigned to which class.

- In the next step, you need to enter the grade you received in that particular course by selecting a letter grade from the dropdown.

- In the final step, you need to enter the course's credit hours to calculate your score (mostly they are worth 3 or 4 credits).

In most schools, colleges and universities in the United States, letter grades use A, B, C, D, and E / F to track a five-point system where A is perfect, C is average, and F is a failure. In addition, most schools calculate a student's grade point average (GPA) by assigning a number to each letter grade and averaging these numerical values. In general, American schools equate A with a numerical value of 4.0.

Your grade point average may range from 0.0 to a 4.0 according to the following divisions. This is a most common grading system used by colleges in the United States. Other schools may use different systems, so this is by no means universal:

**A+ **= 4.30 or 4.00

**A** = 4.00

**A-** = 3.70

**B+** = 3.30

**B** = 3.00

**B-** = 2.70

**C+** = 2.30

**C** = 2.00

**C-** = 1.70

**D+** = 1.30

**D** = 1.00

**D-** = 0.70

**WF/F**= 0

The A series is generally considered a special case. In most American colleges, 4.00 is considered to be the perfect and achievable highest-grade point average. Thus, the highest-grade A reaches 4.00. For the A + mark, most schools still give a value of 4.00 equivalent to the A mark in the standard 4.00 GPA system. In this case, the A + sign becomes a distinction that does not have an effect on the student's grade point average, although it is usually given only for outstanding achievement or exceptionally creative work. However, several colleges give A + grade 4.33 or 4.30 grade values; however, the scale is still called "4.0" because the rating scales get their names from the highest integer.

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The percentage points range of these grade point averages are as follows:

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**A+ **= Between 97-100

**A** = Between 93-96

**A-** = Between 90-92

**B+** = Between 87-89

**B** = Between 83-86

**B-** = Between 80-82

**C+** = Between 77-79

**C** = Between 73-76

**C-** = Between 70-72

**D+** = Between 67-69

**D** = Between 63-66

**D-** = Between 60-62

**WF/F**= Below 60

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There are also some special notes to keep in mind while using online GPA calculator tool:

**P/NP (Pass/No Pass)** courses are not factored in the student's GPA. **I (Incompletes)** and **W (Withdrawals)** do not receive any grade points and do not have an effect on the GPA.

When taking AP (advanced placement) or honors courses, grade points are generally weighted. For example, a half point (.50) is added for honors courses, and a whole point (1.0) is added for AP courses. As colleges may differ when assigning point value, it would be better to contact your school for their own grading system.

The scale shown above is the most common GPA conversion scale used by high schools and colleges in the United States. Some universities may use .67 and .33 steps for more precision, but this difference does not significantly affect the calculation as well as the result of GPA. Other few schools use .5 steps. In those schools both A- and B+ are converted to 3.5. This type of conversion is less accurate because in this way A- and B+ are considered as the same grade. A+ is sometimes converted to 4.3 (or 4.33) points, but many colleges do not have an A+ grade.

Here we will understand the algorithm behind the GPA calculation process through a simple example, although the online calculator shows your results with just one click instantly.

We assume that we will calculate the GPA of 3 courses with their given credits and grade points:

Math (3 credits): B+

English (3 credits): A

Economics (2 credits): C

**Course Grade Grade Credits Grade Points**

**Point (Grade Weights x Credits)**

Math C+ 2.30 3.00 6.90

English A 4.0 3.00 12.00

Economics B- 2.70 2.00 5.40

**Total 8.00 24.30**

The GPA of the example above would be **24.30/8.00= 3.04**

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